Almost everyone has had a headache. Headache is the most common form of pain. It's a major reason people miss days at work or school or visit the doctor.
The most common type of headache is a tension headache. Tension headaches are due to tight muscles in your shoulders, neck, scalp and jaw. They are often related to stress, depression or anxiety. You are more likely to get tension headaches if you work too much, don't get enough sleep, miss meals, or use alcohol.
Other common types of headaches include migraines, cluster headaches, and sinus headaches. Most people can feel much better by making lifestyle changes, learning ways to relax and taking pain relievers.
Not all headaches require a doctor's attention. But sometimes headaches warn of a more serious disorder. Let your health care provider know if you have sudden, severe headaches. Get medical help right away if you have a headache after a blow to your head, or if you have a headache along with a stiff neck, fever, confusion, loss of consciousness, or pain in the eye or ear.
NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Home Remedies for Headache
Take 200 to 400 mg of active elemental magnesium before the onset of a headache. Check with your doctor first if you have kidney problems.
Eat 1/4 cup of green pumpkin seeds (pepitas) daily.
Mechanism - increase levels of magnesium
Apply a dab of peppermint oil or eucalyptus oil under the nose and on the temples to help relieve headache pain.
Felter's Materia Medica on Headache
The flowering tops and leaves of Artemisia Absinthium, Linné (Nat. Ord. Compositae); Europe, Siberia, Barbary, Newfoundland, and the United... / ...t of absinth act as nerve depressants upon man. Small doses at first stimulate, larger ones produce headache, and still larger doses induce cerebral disturbances and clonic hysteroidal convulsions. Vi... / ...used for the expulsion of the intestinal parasites-Ascaris vermicularis and Ascaris lumbricoides. The oil may be given in doses of 1 to 5 drops. 1
The rhizome and rootlets of Actaea alba, Bigelow (Nat. Ord. Ranunculaceae). A perennial of the United States east of the Mississippi, abounding in... / ...ecific Indications.Atony dependent upon nervous derangements from reproductive disturbances, with headache, insomnia, melancholia, and convulsive tendencies; extreme sensitiveness of the ovarian reg... / ...arising from derangement of the reproductive organs. Like cimicifuga it is useful in atonic indigestion of the nervous dyspepsia type. 1
The root of Apocynum cannabinum, Linné (Nat. Ord. Apocynaceae) gathered in autumn after the leaves and fruit have matured. Grows throughout the... / ...as believed that such effects as the increasing of the nasal discharges was the best way to relieve headaches and certain catarrhal affections. Again, it was recommended in diaphoretic doses, for the ... / ...may be looked for. Under these circumstances we have removed enormous dropsical swellings with it, giving quick relief from dyspnea and1
...ache, as if bruised or strained; cystitis, with bruised feeling in bladder, as from a fall or blow; headache, with tensive, bruised feeling and pain on movement; hematuria, with dull, aching, lumbar p......gal centers. Intermediate but large doses produce heat in the throat, nausea and vomiting, dyspnea, headache, lowering of temperature, and sometimes convulsive movements. With toxic doses these effect...1
...afetida. Dose, 5 to 30 drops. Specific Indications. Nervous irritation, with mental depression, headache, and dizziness; hysteroidal conditions; convulsive disorders from purely functional wrongs ......nd mucous feces. It also increases the bronchial secretion. In overdoses it may cause dizziness and headache. Therapy.Asafetida is carminative and antispasmodic, and is a very useful nervine for fun...1
The rhizome of Dryopteris Filix-mas and of Dryopteris marginalis, Asa Gray (Nat. Ord. Filices). World-wide ferns of the Northern Hemispheres.... / ...ology.When freely absorbed the oleoresin causes nausea, vomiting, purging, severe abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, muscular prostration, tremors, cramps, dyspnea, cold perspiration, cyanosis, co...1
...us depression; nocturnal losses following fevers and from the nervous erethism of debility; nervous headache from overwork or depression. Action and Therapy.Oatmeal water is sometimes useful to dilu......ef value as a medicine is to energize in nervous exhaustion with or without spasms. It is useful in headache from exhaustion or overwork, or the nervous headache of menstruation. It is not a remedy of...1
...any part of the body and always aggravated by motion; moderately full or hard wiry vibratile pulse; headache from frontal region to occiput; soreness in eyeballs upon movement; hyperesthesia of scalp ......ften display a deficiency of nervous balance and with this may or may not be associated the bryonia headache pain from the frontal region to the occipital base; thinking is an effort and the patient i...... sordes, a deepened hue of the tissues, capillary circulation is sluggish, and there may be frontal headache. Chilliness is not uncommon, and there is a tendency to sweat easily. In such cases it prov...1
...vous disorders with feeble heart action; tobacco-heart; hysteria with enfeebled circulation; vertex headache; vaso-motor spasms. Action.Cactus impresses the sympathetic nervous system, and is especi......on of mind, hallucination, and slight delirium. In excessive doses, a quickened pulse, constrictive headache, or constrictive sensation in the chest, cardiac pain -with palpitation, vertigo, dimness o...1
...rops. Specific Indications.Feeble circulation, with threatened heartfailure; sense of exhaustion; headache, with cerebral hyperemia or congestion. Action.Coffee is a decided cerebral stimulant and......evere as to interfere with intellectual pursuits or bodily endurance under exertion, and a profound headache may be experienced. Coffee probably retards tissue waste, and is, therefore, a conservator ......auses irritability, dejection of spirits, muscular weakness and trembling, watchfulness, dizziness, headache, and ringing noises in the ears; and flatulence, sour stomach with heartburn and eructation...1
...us doses occasioning more or less of the following symptoms: esophageal and gastric pain, vomiting, headache, dizziness, mental confusion, drowsiness, delirium, and stupor; feeble, running, or intermi......lief in erysipelas. Inhaling the spirit, or camphor dropped into hot water, gives relief in nervous headache, and often aborts acute colds, coryza, and influenza, giving respite from the excessive sec......cute colds, coryza, and influenza, giving respite from the excessive secretion and the accompanying headache. A solution of camphor in liquid petrolatum (usually with menthol) is a popular spray for s...1
The dried flowering tops of the female plant of Cannabis sativa, Linné, or the variety indica, Lamarck (Nat. Ord. Cannabinaceae). Asia, East... / ...from spasm of cerebral vessels; palpitation of the heart, with sharp, stitching pain; and menstrual headache, with great nervous depression. Action.The principal seat of action of cannabis is upon t... / ...of the urino-genital tract and relieves pain. For the first condition it is invaluable in more or less painful conditions in which opium see1
The dried beetles, Cantharis vesicatoria (Linné), De Geer. (Ord. Coleoptera.) Southern Europe. Dose, 1 grain. Common Name: Spanish Fly; Synonym:... / ...bsorb inflammatory products, and to relieve local pain, as in intractable neuralgias and persistent headache. In Eclectic therapy the use of blisters is scarcely ever deemed advisable, or even necessa...1
The ripe fruit, dried, of Capsicum frutescens, Linné (Nat. Ord. Solanaceae). Tropical America; also cultivated in most tropical countries. Dose,... / ...neuralgia. A stupe of hot water and capsicum applied to the nape of the neck sometimes relieves the headache of debility. Internal. Capsicum is a pure stimulant to the heart and circulation, giving in...1
Charcoal prepared by burning soft wood. It must be kept in tightly-closed vessels. Common Names: Charcoal, Wood Charcoal; Synonym: Carbo... / ...and disagreeable belching. In acidity of the stomach, gastric distention, nausea and vomiting, sick headache with gaseous belching, fetid diarrhcea, and sometimes in the acid vomiting of pregnancy, ch... / ...the belly-wall tumid and doughy, the tongue expressionless and pale with little coating and lenticular spots, or the coating may lift in patches.1
Physician's Materia Medica on Headache
Compounds of Valerianic Acid produce a quieting effect in hysterical conditions and are prescribed usually with reference to that effect. The uncombined acid is never used. a. Ammonium Valerianate. This is the salt of Valerianic Acid most frequently prescribed. It is useful innervous headaches, hysteria and the nervousness connected with pregnancy or the meno pause. Very commonly combined with bromides. Dose, 0.12 to 0.6 (2 to 10 grs.). b. Ferric Valerianate. Prescribed commonly in combination w2
The root of APOCYNUM ANDROsAEMIFOLIUM, Lin. Emetic and cathartic in full doses; in smaller doses, diaphoretic, tonic, laxative and hepatic stimulant. Used especially in dyspepsia with constipa tion and in headache with torpor of the bowels.2
Alkaloid found in Coffee, Tea, Guarana. Kola and some other plants. Cerebral and cardiac stimulant, acting indirectly as a diure tic. Prescribed often for headache. especially in combination with acetanilid. Useful in adynamic conditions and in all forms of heart failure; a standard remedy in poisoning by opium and other narcotics. Dose of Caffeine or Caffeine Hydrobromide, 0.03 to 0.3 Grm. (96 to 5 grs.- or more. [Caffeine Citrated must be given in double the dose to produce the same effect].2
A paste prepared chiefly from the seeds of PAULLINIA CUPANA, Kunth. Astringent, nervine. deriving its medicinal value chiefly from the caffeine it contains. Prescribed in nervous headaches. Dose, 0.3 to 2.0 Grm. (5 to 30 grs.).2
The rhizome and roots of VALERIANA OFFICINALIS Lin. Antispasmodic, nervine. Much used to quiet nervous restlessness and insomnia, especially in typhoid conditions, in hysteria and, generally combined with morphine, in delirium tremens; to relieve nervous headaches, for infantile colic, etc. See also Acid Valerianic.2
Physician's Therapeutics Memoranda on Headache
Seek the cause and govern treatment accordingly. Distinguish articularly congestive from anemic headaches. In the former ergot and vascular sedatives are useful, in the latter stimulating remedies are indicated. See that excretions are normal, that the eyes are not under strain from errors of refraction. that hygenic conditions are good and that the patient takes suflicient exercise and recreation.2
2) Nelson, Baker & Co., 1904, Physician's Handy Book of Materia Medica and Therapeustics, Detroit, Michigan.