Your throat is a tube that carries food to your esophagus and air to your windpipe and larynx (also called the voice box). The technical name for the throat is pharynx.
You can have a sore throat for many reasons. Often, colds and flu cause sore throats. Other causes can include:
- Strep throat
Treatment depends on the cause. Sucking on lozenges, drinking lots of liquids, and gargling may ease the pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers can also help, but children should not take aspirin.
Home Remedies for Sore Throat
Mix 6 pressed garlic cloves with warm water. Gargle twice daily. Continue for 3 days.
Ulmus fulva, known as Slippery elm, has been used to treat a sore throat or inflamed mouth or intestines. Slippery elm bark has been used by american indians to treat a sore throat since the early 1800s. In a cup, use boiling water to steep 1 tablespoon of Slippery elm bark powder for 10 minutes. Gargle and then swallow as needed. Alternatively, purchase Slippery elm lozenges and consume as directed.
Garlic (Allium sativum L.) kills bacteria and some viruses. Place half a clove of garlic between the teeth and each cheek and/or suck on clove. Alternately, buy garlic lozenges and use as directed. Garlic has antiviral, anti-fungal and antibacterial properties.
Mechanism - allyl 2-propenethiosulfinate or diallyl thiosulfinate
Myrrh gum (Commiphora myrrha) is a disinfectant, antiseptic and astringent. Take as directed.
Myrrh gum (Commiphora myrrha) is a disinfectant, antiseptic and astringent. Purchase and take as directed.
Felter's Materia Medica on Sore Throat
The fresh corm of Arisaema triphyllum, Torre (Nat. Ord. Araceae). Common in damp woods and wet situations in North and South merica. Common Names:... / ...and swollen. It is seldom used for these purposes. It is, however, of real value in severe forms of sore throat, intensely painful, swollen and fetid, with deep or purplish-red membranes similar to th... / ...may be given in drop doses every half to one hour, and a throat wash of one drachm of the tincture to a half glass of water may be used freely. 1
The recent root and leaves of Baptisia tinctoria, Robert Brown (Nat. Ord. Leguminosae), a perennial shrub-like plant, indigenous to North... / ...ptisia. For septic conditions other than typhoid, baptisia is distinctly useful. In putrid forms of sore throat, with great stench and full, dusky tissues, the angina of scarlet fever, and tonsillitis... / ...healing of the ulcerated surfaces. In all of the local disorders mentioned, baptisia should be given internally as well as applied locally.1
...h vinegar, and sometimes with salt, is a common and useful stimulating gargle for sluggish forms of sore throat, and sometimes apparently aborts tonsillitis. Capsicum may be used for many of the revul......nt when given in small doses. The infusion of capsicum is a simple domestic remedy for acute colds, sore throat and hoarseness. Small doses of the tincture are of the utmost value in debility with def...1
The fresh root and plant of Collinsonia canadensis, Linné (Nat. Ord. Labiatae.) Damp and rich soils of woods from Canada to Florida. Common... / ...ollinsonia is the most effective medicine we have for that form of laryngitis known as minister's sore throata hyperaemic or congestive state, with tenderness, hoarseness, and cough brought on b... / ...disorder collinsonia is helpful, there is always a sense of weight and constriction, venous engorgement, dilated capillaries, and muscular atony.1
The unripe, full-grown fruits of Piper Cubeba, Linné, fil. (Nat. Ord. Piperaceae.) Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Prince of Wales Island, and other isles... / ...will often remedy nocturnal incontinence of urine in children. Cubeba is useful in chronic sluggish sore throat, with relaxed membranes and over-secretion. From 5 to 10 drops of the specific medicine ... / ...and hay fever. Care must be had not to blister the roof of the mouth, an untoward effect that is produced by the oil in a good quality of cubeba.1
The leaves of Eucalyptus Globulus, Labillardiere. Collected from the older parts of the tree. (Nat. Ord. Myrtaceae.) A native tree of Australia;... / ... or muco-purulent discharges; pus in the urine; pasty, bad-smelling tongue; fetid excretions; fetid sore throat; fetid catarrhal states of the broncho-pulmonary tract; chronic ague with exhaustive dis... / ...Used according to indications as given above, eucalyptus is a very satisfactory and pleasant medicine. It is best given in syrup or glycerin.1
An extract prepared from the leaves and twigs of Ourouparia Gambir (Hunter), Baillon (Nat. Ord. Rubiaceae). Sumatra, Ceylon, and countries... / ...in more available form, though it contains less tannin than that extract. It may be used in relaxed sore throat, relaxed uvula, and the relaxation and congestion of the fauces common to speakers and s... / ...castor oil is advised, to be followed by the gambir alone, or with camphorated tincture of opium. It is seldom used in modern Eclectic practice.1
... 3 of alcohol), added to water, acts efficiently as a gargle or preferably a wash, for the forms of sore throat mentioned below. Internal. Guaiaic once had considerable vogue as a remedy for syphilis,......o the secretions caused by it. The chief uses for guaiac are in rheumatic pharyngitis or rheumatic sore throat and incipient tonsillitis, with angry, red, raw-looking surfaces, where the parts appear...... of the gastroenteric tract it is usually contraindicated. Guaiac has been much employed in chronic sore throat of syphilitic origin. The best form of administration is a fourfold dilution of specific...1
The leaves, bark and twigs of Hamamelis virginiana, Linné (Nat. Ord. Hamamelidaceae), collected in the autumn. Common in the United States.... / ...elvis, genitalia, or rectum, with perineal relaxation and fullness; relaxed or engorged and painful sore throat; gastro-intestinal irritability, with venous weakness and mucous or muco-bloody passages...1
The dried rhizome and roots of Hydrastis canadensis, Linné (Nat. Ord. Ranunculaceae) United States and Canada in rich, shady woods. (Chiefly... / ... locally and internally in catarrhal and follicular pharyngitis, subacute forms of simple catarrhal sore throat following tonsillitis, subacute rhinitis, naso-pharyngeal and retro-pharyngeal catarrh, ... / ...The preparation preferred is the colorless, though other hydrastis preparations, particularly berberine and hydrastin salts are useful, b1
...er, 16 fluidounces). Dose, 1 to 4 fluidounces. Specific Indications.Aphthous sore mouth; relaxed sore throat. Action and Therapy.External. Next to coptis the most useful application for thrush in......External. Next to coptis the most useful application for thrush in infants and of value in pallid sore throat with tissue relaxation, and in aphthous sore mouth. Internal. An astringent tonic of muc...1
The spores of Lycopodium clavatum, Linné (Nat. Ord. Lycopodiaceae) or Club Moss, a creeping perennial found in most parts of the earth; gathered... / ...e garments. The fever is not active, but very depressing and intractable, and may be accompanied by sore throat, colic, diarrhoea, dysentery, or constipation. Used according to the specific indication... / ...are voided. The small dose, from the fraction of a drop to five drops of the specific medicine, is the most advantageous form of administration.1
Menthol. A secondary alcohol obtained from the oil of Mentha piperita, Linné, or from other oils of mints. It should be kept in well-stoppered... / ... is largely employed in inflamed and irritable conditions of the nose and throatozaena, catarrhal sore throat, asthma, chronic bronchitis, and whooping cough. The vapor is useful to allay harassing ... / ...internally because of the profound nervous disturbances it may occasion.1
...ps. Specific Indications.Profuse mucous discharges, with atony of the circulation; sore mouth and sore throat. Action and Therapy.External. Bayberry, in powder, decoction, or specific medicine, ma......tion, or specific medicine, may be applied for the relief of spongy, flabby, and bleeding gums, the sore throat of scarlatina with enfeebled and swollen tissues, and to aphthous and indolent ulceratio...1
...aceous sloughs at angles of mouth or lining the cheeks; hard painful glandular enlargements; pallid sore throat with cough and difficult respiration; mastitis; orchitis; parotitis; soreness and swell...... respiration; mastitis; orchitis; parotitis; soreness and swelling of mammary glands; diphtheroidal sore throat; and fatty degeneration . Action.Physiologically, phytolacca acts upon the skin, the g...1
Physician's Materia Medica on Sore Throat
The herb of AGRIMONIA EUPATORI,-3, Lin. Astringent. Used in passive hemorrhages, bowel troubles, leucorrhea; the infusion as an astringent wash for ulcers or gargle for sore throat.2
The rhizome of HYDRASTIS CANADENSIS; Lin. Tonic, alterative to mucous membranes, uterine hemostatic. hepatic stimulant and aperient. Used much in dyspeptic troubles, in mt-norrhagia and dysmenorrhea, and for its local effect in canker of the mouth, ulcerat ed sore throat, fissures of the nipple, hemorrhoids as well as in con junctivitis. leucorrhea and especially in gonorrhea. The yellow alka loid Berberim, q. v. is simply tonic and perhaps antiperiodic. The white alkaloid flydrastine, q. v. is 2
The leaves of HYSSOPUS OFFICINALIS. Lin. Aromatic, carmina tive; a tonic expectorant; in hot infusion, diaphoretic. Used in atonic dyspepsia, as a gargle in sore throat, etc.2
The rhizomeof JEFFERSONIA DIPHYLLA, (L.) Pers. Antispas modic, expectorant, diaphoretic, alterative. Used in chronic rheu. matism and syphilis, in spasmodic affections and as a gargle in ulcerated sore throat.2
Properties are those of Zinc Sulphate with more emphasis per haps on their antiseptic character. Given internally as an intesti nal antiseptic; topically used in gargles in sore throat and diphtheria, in injections in leucorrhea as well as in gonorrhea, and in collyria. Dose, 0.06 to 0.30 Grm. (1 to 5 grs.).2
Physician's Therapeutics Memoranda on Sore Throat
Some physicians prescribe as a specific remedy sodium salicylate (2 gr. doses every hour),... / ...aphoretic and diuretic refrigerants. potassium citrate with spirit nitrous ether, vichy water or Ze-an, N., B. & Co., with potassium acetate. For the sore throat, cold applica tions externally; gargles of Alkal-Antiseptine, N., B. & Co., or car bolic acid and borax; vapors charged with eucalyptol. F...2
2) Nelson, Baker & Co., 1904, Physician's Handy Book of Materia Medica and Therapeustics, Detroit, Michigan.