What is anxiety?
Anxiety is a feeling of fear, dread, and uneasiness. It might cause you to sweat, feel restless and tense, and have a rapid heartbeat. It can be a normal reaction to stress. For example, you might feel anxious when faced with a difficult problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision. It can help you to cope. The anxiety may give you a boost of energy or help you focus. But for people with anxiety disorders, the fear is not temporary and can be overwhelming.What are anxiety disorders?
Anxiety disorders are conditions in which you have anxiety that does not go away and can get worse over time. The symptoms can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, schoolwork, and relationships.What are the types of anxiety disorders?
There are several types of anxiety disorders, including:
- Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). People with GAD worry about ordinary issues such as health, money, work, and family. But their worries are excessive, and they have them almost every day for at least 6 months.
- Panic disorder. People with panic disorder have panic attacks. These are sudden, repeated periods of intense fear when there is no danger. The attacks come on quickly and can last several minutes or more.
- Phobias. People with phobias have an intense fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. Their fear may be about spiders, flying, going to crowded places, or being in social situations (known as social anxiety).
The cause of anxiety is unknown. Factors such as genetics, brain biology and chemistry, stress, and your environment may play a role.Who is at risk for anxiety disorders?
The risk factors for the different types of anxiety disorders can vary. For example, GAD and phobias are more common in women, but social anxiety affects men and women equally. There are some general risk factors for all types of anxiety disorders, including:
- Certain personality traits, such as being shy or withdrawn when you are in new situations or meeting new people
- Traumatic events in early childhood or adulthood
- Family history of anxiety or other mental disorders
- Some physical health conditions, such as thyroid problems or arrhythmia
The different types of anxiety disorders can have different symptoms. But they all have a combination of:
- Anxious thoughts or beliefs that are hard to control. They make you feel restless and tense and interfere with your daily life. They do not go away and can get worse over time.
- Physical symptoms, such as a pounding or rapid heartbeat, unexplained aches and pains, dizziness, and shortness of breath
- Changes in behavior, such as avoiding everyday activities you used to do
Using caffeine, other substances, and certain medicines can make your symptoms worse.How are anxiety disorders diagnosed?
To diagnose anxiety disorders, your health care provider will ask about your symptoms and medical history. You may also have a physical exam and lab tests to make sure that a different health problem is not the cause of your symptoms.
If you don't have another health problem, you will get a psychological evaluation. Your provider may do it, or you may be referred to a mental health professional to get one.What are the treatments for anxiety disorders?
The main treatments for anxiety disorders are psychotherapy (talk therapy), medicines, or both:
- Psychotherapy can help you recognize and change troubling emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. To be effective, it should focus on your specific anxieties and needs. There are many types; some of the types used for anxiety disorders include:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which teaches you different ways of thinking and behaving. It can help you change how you react to the things that cause you to feel fear and anxiety. It may include exposure therapy. This therapy focuses on having you confront your fears so that you will be able to do the things that you had been avoiding.
- Acceptance and commitment therapy may help with some anxiety disorders. It uses strategies such as mindfulness and goal setting to reduce discomfort and anxiety.
- Medicines to treat anxiety disorders include anti-anxiety medicines and certain antidepressants. Some types of medicines may work better for specific types of anxiety disorders. You should work closely with your provider to identify which medicine is best for you. You may need to try more than one medicine before you can find the right one.
Support groups and stress management techniques may also be helpful.
NIH: National Institute of Mental Health
Anxiety FDA Approved Drugs
- Treatment of depression and generalized anxiety disorder.
- Treatment of social anxiety disorder.
- Depression, panic disorder, premenstrual disorders and social anxiety disorder.
Amneal PharmsMay 11, 2010
Aurobindo PharmaApr 7, 2010
Dr Reddys Labs LtdJun 13, 2008
Heritage Pharms IncJan 9, 2009
MylanJun 13, 2008
Prinston IncAug 4, 2010
Sun Pharm Inds IncJun 13, 2008
TevaAug 3, 2006
Yaopharma Co LtdMay 28, 2015
Zydus Pharms UsaJun 13, 2008
Anchen PharmsMar 16, 2012
Aurobindo Pharma LtdApr 14, 2011
Nostrum Labs IncMar 24, 2017
Orchid HlthcareJul 11, 2011
Osmotica PharmMay 20, 2008
Sun Pharma GlobalAug 18, 2010
Torrent Pharms LlcJun 1, 2011
Valeant Pharms NorthApr 15, 2011
WockhardtApr 14, 2011
Zydus Pharms Usa IncApr 14, 2011
Home Remedies for Anxiety
Lavender essential oil has a delightful fragrance, reduces stress and creates a warm and welcoming environment. Used with a carrier oil, it helps heal minor burns, cuts, insect bites / bee stings, eczema, dandruff, dry skin, and soothes anxiety.Sillygirl | July 15th, 2018
Lemongrass essential oil helps treats anxiety and depression. It also deodorizes and fight bacteria and repels insects.OscarWilde | July 15th, 2018
St. John's Wort can be used to relieve anxiety and act as an antidepressant. Take as directed. Approved for as a medicine in Germany. Not recognized in the United States as an effective antidepressant. The plant is poisonous to livestock. Contain a phytochemical chemicals, hyperforin and hypericin, which are make skin sensitive to light with extended use.
Mechanism - Hypericum perforatumJlaiii | May 1st, 2020