A fever is a body temperature that is higher than normal. A normal temperature can vary from person to person, but it is usually around 98.6 F. A fever is not a disease. It is usually a sign that your body is trying to fight an illness or infection.
Infections cause most fevers. You get a fever because your body is trying to kill the virus or bacteria that caused the infection. Most of those bacteria and viruses do well when your body is at your normal temperature. But if you have a fever, it is harder for them to survive. Fever also activates your body's immune system.
Other causes of fevers include
- Medicines, including some antibiotics, blood pressure medicines, and anti-seizure medicines
- Heat illness
- Autoimmune diseases
- Some childhood immunizations
Treatment depends on the cause of your fever. If the fever is very high, your health care provider may recommend taking an over-the-counter medicine such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Adults can also take aspirin, but children with fevers should not take aspirin. It is also important to drink enough liquids, to prevent dehydration.
Fever FDA Approved Drugs
Taro Pharms NorthSep 12, 1983
Custopharm IncJun 13, 2016
Fresenius Kabi UsaOct 28, 2015
Sandoz IncMar 22, 2016
Aurobindo Pharma LtdNov 9, 2016
Ohm LabsMar 19, 2002
Sun Pharm Inds LtdDec 14, 2011
- Temporary reduction of fever.
- Temporary relief of minor aches and pains.
- Treatment/prevention of cardiovascular disease.
- Management of mild to moderate pain, management of moderate to severe pain as an adjunct to opioid analgesics in a critically ill patient with intravenous ibuprofen in need thereof.
- Management of mild to moderate pain, management of moderate to severe pain as an adjunct to opioid analgesics, reduction in fever through anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activity.
- Management of mild to moderate pain, management of moderate to severe pain as an adnunct to opioid analgesics, reduction in fever through anti inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic activity.
- Methods of treating pain, inflammation and/or fever in a critically ill patient with intravenous ibuprofen in need thereof.
- Methods of treating pain, inflammation and/or fever with intravenous ibuprofen such that mean arterial blood pressure does not increase the dosage interval.
- A method for treatment of gout flares during prophylaxis.
- For the treatment and prophylaxis of gout flares & the treatment of familial mediterranean fever.
- Method of administering colchicine to familial mediterranean fever patients.
- Method of treating gout flares.
- Method of using colchicine for the prophylaxis of gout flares.
- Otc use: allergy symptom reliever; temporarily relieves these symptoms due to hay fever or other upper respiratory allergies; nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing, itchy nose, and (itchy water eyes (ages 12 and up)).
- The treatment of the symptoms of seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis in patients 2 years of age and older.
- Treatment of rhinitis comprising the nasal application of a pharmaceutical formulation as claimed in us patent 7541350.
- Management of mild to moderate pain, management of moderate to severe pain as an adjunct to opioid analgesics, reduction in fever through analgesic and antipyretic activity.
- Management of moderate to severe pain as an adjunct to opioid analgesics.
Home Remedies for Fever
Steep 1 tablespoon of dried linden flower in a cup of hot water for 15 minutes. Drink 3 to 4 cups per day. Seek medical help if your fever last more than 1 day. For fever above 102F, take lukewarm bath to reduce temperature below 102F.
Remdesivir is a novel antiviral drug in the class of nucleotide analogs. It was developed by Gilead Sciences as a treatment for Ebola virus disease and Marburg virus infections, though it has subsequently also been found to show antiviral activity against other single stranded RNA viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus, Junin virus, Lassa fever virus, Nipah virus, Hendra virus, and coronaviruses.
Felter's Materia Medica on Fever
The dried gummy exudate of Acacia Senegal, Willdenow; and of some other African species of Acacia. (Nat. Ord. Leguminosae.) Eastern Africa... / ...good mucilage in which to suspend heavy and insoluble powders. When the stomach is irritable in low fevers and in pulmonary tuberculosis, a half ounce of acacia may be dissolved in 5 fluidounces of wa... / ...by irritant and corrosive poisons. Acacia may be given freely and at pleasure, in the form of owder, troches, mucilage, or syrup, as desired. 1
...f blood; hyperemia; chilly sensations; skin hot and dry, with small, frequent pulse. Early stage of fevers with or without restlessness. When septic processes prevail it is only relatively indicated. ......and possibly through the action of the thermo-genetic system. This action is most pronounced during fevers. Except of the skin and kidneys, the glands of the body seem to be but little, if at all, aff...1
...tions. Again, it was recommended in diaphoretic doses, for the relief of intermittent and remittent fevers, and in pneumonic involvements, conditions in which it is now seldom or never thought of. It ......mulant. Such results one would not expect to obtain if there were circulatory obstruction or active fever. The only apparent exception, in which it is adapted to active conditions, is that reported by...1
...ed for a variety of disorders, chiefly of the respiratory tract, and as a stimulant in low forms of fever, when delirium is marked and the membranes are inflamed and the tongue red, painful and swolle......ul, swollen and fetid, with deep or purplish-red membranes similar to that of the angina of scarlet fever. It is also useful in chronic laryngitis aggravated by singing or public speaking, and accompa...1
...espiratory action alone is depended upon. Such a state occurs in the low stage of typhoid and other fevers, and in lobar pneumonia. In such conditions arnica is most useful and compares well with stry......oaded with foul mucus and sordes, it is a most valuable auxiliary to other treatment. In the hectic fever of phthisis, with exhausting diarrhoea and excessive sweating, it often proves the needed stim...1
A gum-resin derived from the rhizome and rootlets of Ferula Asafetida, Linné; Ferula foetida, Regel, and other species of Ferula (Nat. Ord.... / ...stinal indigestion of old persons, asafetida is extremely satisfactory. Tympanites occurring during fevers is often relieved by it, for its carminative influence is especially effective upon the lower... / ...or tardy or imperfect menstruation. Asafetida is contraindicated by inflammation. It may be given in emulsion, tincture, or pill or capsule. 1
The root of Asclepias tuberosa, Linné (Nat. Ord. Asclepiadaceae). United States and Canada. Dose, 5 to 60 grains. Common Names: Pleurisy Root,... / ...ld still be continued and used freely. There is no kindlier cough medicine than asclepias, and when fever is present it is an ideal aid to the special sedatives. Asclepias should form an important par...1
The outer rind of the ripe, fresh fruit of Citrus Aurantium. sinensis, Gallesio (Nat. Ord. Rutaceae) Common Names: Sweet Orange Peel (of Sweet... / ...bowels are sluggish in action, and during convalescence from illness, as well as to be given during fevers and the exanthemata where acids are craved. It is par excellence the remedial agent in scurvy... / ...intermediate color. 1
...rvous debility of convalescence; cardiac weakness of nervous depression; nocturnal losses following fevers and from the nervous erethism of debility; nervous headache from overwork or depression. Acti...... upon nervous prostration. It seemingly acts well in the exhaustion following typhoid and other low fevers and is thought to hasten convalescence, particularly where there is much nervous involvement ......nt and enfeebled action of the heart. In the nervous erethism or the enervated conditions following fevers and giving rise to spermatic losses it is sometimes effectual, but it seldom benefits such a ...1
... sordes, upon teeth and lips, and the sluggish capillary flow. Its usefulness in typhoid or enteric fever is one of record. One or more of the foregoing symptoms will be present with the addition of t...... In fact, it is likely to be indicated by any form of persistent diarrhea accompanying this type of fever. Typhomalarial fever, which is most generally predominantly typhoid, is equally influenced for......l. In putrid forms of sore throat, with great stench and full, dusky tissues, the angina of scarlet fever, and tonsillitis, with sluggish circulation and fetid exudate, and also when necrotic, baptisi...1
...perspires freely at night and has a yellow-coated tongue, bitter taste, capricious appetite, slight fever, and has for some time been experiencing a dull, languid feeling. It may also be used in cases......ired nutrition with feeble cerebral circulation. To some extent it controls diarrhea, cough, hectic fever, rapid circulation, and the profuse night-sweats of phthisis. The dose for these purposes is f...1
... tenderness and soreness, especially when the viscera are involved. Bryonia is of especial value in fevers, and is decidedly a remedy for the typhoid. state. Many cases of severe typhoid fever may be ......ia in very small doses. In fact, it is a medicine that gives the best results from minute doses. In fevers the patient is decidedly apathetic, the secretions are scant and vitiated, the nervous system......n, and there is a tendency to sweat easily. In such cases it proves a mainstay during the prolonged fever, and never does the patient harm. In diseases of the respiratory tract and pleura, bryonia hea...1
The seeds of Caffea arabica, Linné (Nat. Ord. Rubiaceae). Native of Arabia-Felix and Ethiopia; and extensively cultivated in Asia and America... / ... and checks hiccough. It is the most refreshing stimulant that can be used in the exhaustion of low fevers of a typhoid type and in the debility following other acute disorders, particularly if the pa... / ...preferably without sugar or cream; for use in narcotic poisoning very strong, black coffee may be given freely, both by mouth and per rectum.1
...mach with poor appetite and feeble digestion. It is especially valuable in convalescence from acute fevers and other disorders in which there is lack of desire for food and poor digestion, with pain o......s should not be given in acute or subacute inflammatory conditions of the stomach, nor during acute fevers, nor when digestion is merely impaired, but the appetite remains good. It is largely ineffect...1
The dried flowering tops of the female plant of Cannabis sativa, Linné, or the variety indica, Lamarck (Nat. Ord. Cannabinaceae). Asia, East... / ...quent micturition; painful micturition, with tenesmus; scalding urine; ardor urinae; wakefulness in fevers; insomnia, with brief periods of sleep, disturbed by unpleasant dreams; spasmodic and painful... / ...of the urino-genital tract and relieves pain. For the first condition it is invaluable in more or less painful conditions in which opium see1
Physician's Materia Medica on Fever
Medicinally prescribed when the normal hydrochloric acid is de ficient in the gastric secretions as is the case in typhoid fever, in can cer of the stomach and in the gastric disturbances following alcoholic excesses. Dose of the oflicial diluted acid (10%), 0.6 to 1.6 c. c. (10 to 20 M).2
The flowering herb of SABBATIA ANGULARIs, Pursh. A bitter tonic, used as a prophylactic against intermittent fever, having de cided anti-periodic efficiency. Otherwise used in much the same way as Columbo.2
The rhizome and root of VERATRUM VIRIDE, Solander. Cardiac - depressant. having remarkable power to reduce the pulse in fever. Its most- important use is in controlling blood pressure in aortic an eurism, in cerebral hyperemia and in certain heart affections. Apt to cause nausea unless combined with an opiate. Produces best ef fects when doses are frequently repeated. Dose 0.06 to 0.2 Grm. (1 to 3 grs-).2
An active cardiac and general stimulant; antacid. Valuable in adynamic fevers, in capillary bronchitis and in some forms of dyspep sia. Dose, as expectorant, 0.13 to 0.20 Grm. (2 to 3 grs.); as stimulant 0.3 to0.6 Grm. (5 to 10 grs.), repeated every hour.2
The bark of MALUs MALUs, (L.) Brit. Tonic, febrdfuge. Pre scribed in malarial fevers.2
The leafy twigs of THUJA OCCIDENTALIs, Lin. Antiperiodic, iebrifuge, emmenagogue, alterative, anthelmintlo, anti-scorbutic. Used locally as an antiseptic and stimulant wash for cancerous ul cerations; internally in malarial fevers, chronic bronchitis, scurvy and rheumatism.2
An active irritant poison. In small doses a powerful alterative. tonic, hematinic and antiperiodic. Prescribed in chronic cutaneous diseases, secondary syphilis, chorea, neuralgia and malarial fevers. a. Arsenous Bromide. Has been used especially in diabe tes. Dose, 0.0015 to 0.006 Grm. (1-40 to 1-10 gr.). b. Arsenous Chloride. Dose, 0.002 to 0.004 Grm. (1-30 to 1-15 am). For formulas see in Part II, Alteratives ( a) and Tonics (i). c. Arslenous iodide. Particularly useful in syphilis and obstin2
The dried uuripe fruit of PIPER NIGRUM, L. Local and general stimulant and irritant, antiperiodic, stomachic, carminative. Used in malarial fevers, in flatulency and colic, etc. PI PERIN, which was formerly believed to be the active principle of the drug and prescribed in doses of 0.06 to 0.6 (1 to 10 grs.) as an antiperiodic, is new little used.2
The root of BRYONIA ALBA, Lin. Hydragogue cathartic, irri. tant, emetic. Its principal use is in dropsy. It is prescribed also in chronic intermittent fever with enlargement of the spleen, in chronic bronchitis, in the early stage of whooping cough and in atonic dys pepsia.2
A stearopten obtained from CINNAMOMUM CAMP:-roRA, F. Nees & Eber. Stimulates the nervous and vascular systems: antispasmo dic, anaphrodisiac. Prescribed in acute coryza, in diarrhea, in some spasmodic affections, and to allay maniacal and sexual excitement. Dose, 0.06 to0.3 Grm. (1 to 5 grs.); in low fevers and in mania 0.6 to 1.3 Grm. (10 to 20 grs.) may be given.2
Physician's Therapeutics Memoranda on Fever
In the incipient stage, quinine with a little Dover powder and a laxative may ward off the... / ...ive diaphoretics (the hot foot bath, hot lemonade witliwa little whiskey, Dover powder, chamomile tea or other hot infusion), yconite if required for fever, application to chest of Phenol Camphor; ipecac and potassium salts to promote secretion; inhalations of steam or of moisture-laden air. Later a... / ...hypersecretion, avoid ammonium chloride and use belladonna, strychnine and counter-irritation.2
The remedies commonly resorted to include; 1st cardiac or ar terial sedatives, particularly aconite, 2d antipyretics causing reduc tion of... / ... which may well be combined with diaphoretics. These several classes of remedies must be suited to the individual case, bearing in mind the fact that fever is not in and of itself necessarily an evil thing.2
The prophylaxis consists in destroying the mosquitoes whose bites communicate the disease. Quinine (15 to 30 grains or more) given two hours before the expected chili, is the remedy. This should be given on an empty stomach, and preceded by a cholagogue cathartic. Other remedies of importance are arsenic, methylene blue and the other alkaloids of cinchona bark.2
Follow general treatment for Fevers, q. v., prescribing for symp toms as they arise. Do not use cold water as an antipyretic.2
Efficient doses of quinine must be given promptly by hypoderma_ tic or intravenous injection.2
Irrigate the uterine cavity thoroughly with mercuric chloride solution (1:2000); if necessary employ curette (with caution) to remove decomposing substances; touch ulcerated spots in vagina with solu tion ol silver nitrate, 10 per cent. Sustain the patient, giving alco— holic stimulants freely; treat complication of peritonitis on general principles; if infection extends to bladder, irrigate well with strong solution of boric acid, or with corrosive sublimate, 1:8000.2
Quinine in large doses. proceeded by calomel and a saline purge is the standard treatment. Hematuria is a contraindication. In chronic cases arsenic is the most important remedy. Intestinal or renal hemorrhages must be treated on general principles.2
Distinguished between thermic fever, with high temperature and laboring heart, and heat exhaustion, with surface cool and circulation depressed. In the former case apply cold to surface, watching the effect, and using friction to draw blood to the surface. Bleeding may do good, but antipyretic remedies are of no use. In heat ex haustion apply heat to the surface.2
A good routine treatment is; a mercurial followed by a Seidlitz powder, with aconite to control fever, application to the... / A good routine treatment is; a mercurial followed by a Seidlitz powder, with aconite to control fever, application to the tonsils of tincture ferric chloride containing quinine sulphate (4 grs. to the drachm) or guaiacol; externally, hot fomentat... / ...and tincture guaiac should be used.2
Medication except to meet special indications is probably useless, although the Woodbridge treatment has its advocates. Antipyre tics are not to be used. A milk or koumys diet is best; in any case the food must be soft and easily digested. Alcoholic stimulants must be used to maintain strength, but not to the point of producing ex citement, circulatory or cerebral. Cold sponging or cold baths serve to reduce temperature. Danger of perforation must always be borne in mind, and will govern choice ...2
2) Nelson, Baker & Co., 1904, Physician's Handy Book of Materia Medica and Therapeustics, Detroit, Michigan.