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Kidney Disease

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. You may get simple kidney cysts as you age; they are usually harmless. There are also some diseases which cause kidney cysts. One type is polycystic kidney disease (PKD). It runs in families. In PKD, many cysts grow in the kidneys. This can enlarge the kidneys and make them work poorly. About half of people with the most common type of PKD end up with kidney failure. PKD also causes cysts in other parts of the body, such as the liver.

Often, there are no symptoms at first. Later, symptoms include:

  • Pain in the back and lower sides
  • Headaches
  • Blood in the urine

Doctors diagnose PKD with imaging tests and family history. There is no cure. Treatments can help with symptoms and complications. They include medicines and lifestyle changes, and if there is kidney failure, dialysis or kidney transplants.

Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) happens in people who have chronic kidney disease, especially if they are on dialysis. Unlike PKD, the kidneys are normal sized, and cysts do not form in other parts of the body. ACKD often has no symptoms. Usually, the cysts are harmless and do not need treatment. If they do cause complications, treatments include medicines, draining the cysts, or surgery.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Kidney Disease FDA Approved Drugs

RAYALDEE [CalcifediolC27H44O2H2O]
0.03mg (oral capsule, extended release)
Opko Ireland GlobalJun 17, 2016
  • Administration of 25-hydroxyvitamin d3 by controlled release.
  • Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with stage 3 or 4 chronic kidney disease using controlled release, oral 25-hydroxyvitamin d.
  • Use of controlled release 25-hydroxyvitamin d in treating secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients having chronic kidney disease.
  • Use of extended release oral 25-hydroxyvitamin d3 in treating secondary hyperparathyroidism in adult patients having chronic kidney disease stage 3 or stage 4.
  • Use of sustained release 25-hydroxyvitamin d in treating patients having 25-hydroxyvitamin d insufficiency or deficiency.
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WARNING: Consult a licensed physician in the appropriate field for medical treatment and drug prescription. Do not self medicate.