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Opioids, sometimes called narcotics, are a type of drug. They include strong prescription pain relievers, such as oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and tramadol. The illegal drug heroin is also an opioid. Some opioids are made from the opium plant, and others are synthetic (man-made).

A doctor may give you a prescription opioid to reduce pain after you have had a major injury or surgery. You may get them if you have severe pain from health conditions like cancer. Some doctors prescribe them for chronic pain.

Opioids can cause side effects such as drowsiness, mental fog, nausea, and constipation. They may also cause slowed breathing, which can lead to overdose deaths. If someone has signs of an overdose, call 911:

  • The person's face is extremely pale and/or feels clammy to the touch
  • Their body goes limp
  • Their fingernails or lips have a purple or blue color
  • They start vomiting or making gurgling noises
  • They cannot be awakened or are unable to speak
  • Their breathing or heartbeat slows or stops

Other risks of using prescription opioids include dependence and addiction. Dependence means feeling withdrawal symptoms when not taking the drug. Addiction is a chronic brain disease that causes a person to compulsively seek out drugs, even though they cause harm. The risks of dependence and addiction are higher if you misuse the medicines. Misuse can include taking too much medicine, taking someone else's medicine, taking it in a different way than you are supposed to, or taking the medicine to get high.

Opioid misuse, addiction, and overdoses are serious public health problems in the United States. Another problem is that more women are misusing opioids during pregnancy. This can lead to babies being addicted and going through withdrawal, known as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Opioid misuse may sometimes also lead to heroin use, because some people switch from prescription opioids to heroin.

The main treatment for prescription opioid addiction is medication-assisted treatment (MAT). It includes medicines, counseling, and support from family and friends. MAT can help you stop using the drug, get through withdrawal, and cope with cravings. There is also a medicine called naloxone which can reverse the effects of an opioid overdose and prevent death, if it is given in time.

To prevent problems with prescription opioids, be sure to follow your doctor's instructions when taking them. Do not share your medicines with anyone else. Contact your doctor if you have any concerns about taking the medicines.

NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse

Conzip FDA Approved Drugs

CONZIP [Tramadol HydrochlorideC16H25NO2ClH]
RX
-
100mg (oral capsule, extended release)
150mg (oral capsule, extended release)
200mg (oral capsule, extended release)
300mg (oral capsule, extended release)
Cipher Pharms IncMay 7, 2010
  • Use of tramadol for the management of moderate to moderately severe chronic pain.
efficacy
0.0  (0)
side effects
0.0  (0)
danger
0.0  (0)

UNK

TRAMADOL HYDROCHLORIDE [Tramadol HydrochlorideC16H25NO2ClH]
RX
-
100mg (oral tablet, extended release)
200mg (oral tablet, extended release)
300mg (oral tablet, extended release)
50mg (oral tablet)
Actavis ElizabethJun 27, 2012
Anchen PharmsJun 27, 2012
Aurobindo Pharma LtdOct 20, 2015
Lupin LtdAug 29, 2011
Mylan Pharms IncDec 22, 2015
Par Pharm IncNov 13, 2009
Sun Pharma GlobalDec 30, 2011
Accord HlthcareMay 16, 2013
Aci Healthcare LtdNov 28, 2011
Amneal PharmsJun 20, 2002
ApotexJul 10, 2002
Cspc Ouyi Pharm CoMar 29, 2013
Ipca Labs LtdNov 16, 2012
Macleods Pharms LtdSep 25, 2015
MallinckrodtJun 25, 2002
Northstar HlthcareMay 26, 2010
PlivaJul 1, 2002
Sun Pharm IndsJun 20, 2002
Sun Pharm Inds IncJun 19, 2002
TevaJun 19, 2002
Zydus Pharms Usa IncJan 31, 2011
efficacy
0.0  (0)
side effects
0.0  (0)
danger
0.0  (0)

UNK

ULTRAM [Tramadol HydrochlorideC16H25NO2ClH]
RX
-
50mg (oral tablet)
Janssen PharmsMar 3, 1995
  • A titration dosing regimen for the treatment of pain using an initial dose of about 25mg.
efficacy
0.0  (0)
side effects
0.0  (0)
danger
0.0  (0)

UNK

WARNING: Consult a licensed physician in the appropriate field for medical treatment and drug prescription. Do not self medicate.